TESOL acronym is Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages.
Through 10 clases of studying , we acknowledged that the diferente ages
of children have different characteristics and different types of
intelligence, and we learned some methods how to teach them accordingly.
Also we studied how to manage the class and atmosphere, and Tesol told
us which way is better for teaching the different ages pupils for
listening , reading, writing and speaking.
How to teach second laguage to the younger learners?
TESOL age categories are age 1-17 years oldes, they are Early childhood
development(age1-5),Elemetary(age6-9),Junior High age(10-13),High school
age(14-17). Each of the language development stages have different
characteristics, as well as different learners have different
intelligence types, so that we need creative the class different
accordingly. Otherwise all of our learners are youngers that the
concentration and attention spans are short, varity is a must – varity
of activity, variety of pace, varity of organisation, variety of voice.
·I’d like to share my story help prepare teachers mentally which I think
it’s crucial for teachers to settle down and fit in a new culture and
have such a big workload.
Teaching the toddlers ,telegraphic speech is emerging at this point. We
teach them use of short words and phrases that omit unnecessary
modifiers and articles in order to convey general meanings, as far as
this stage babies the best way of teaching language is prepared them
some appropriate toys and paints for playing and drawing, listen story,
·I heard about this topic from a podcast called”Talks with teachers” ,
the #79 episode. Dan Tricarico, who has taught in the West Hills High
School English Department for over twenty years, is the author of the
Zen teacher. In his talk, he asked this Question-Who is taking care of
As to the elementary children at this age are developing skills,
including Gross motor skills, fine motor skills, recognition skills,
social skills, so we teach them not only speak words, but also most
activities , we will need to have plenty of objects and pictures to work
with, and to make full use of the school and our surroundings. Using the
mothed of Total physical Response to teach the kids vocabulary and
sentence forms to help them easer to learn. Guiding the learner use the
words to make sentences o make contextual cut, also we can make
scaffolding instraction to make sentences to come upto help kids
comprehension. Make communicate lessons to practice.
·I was shocked by this question because he is obviously American local
teachers. Their situation should be much better than the guest
teachers’. However, he still thinks more should be done for teachers.
Which makes me think about our guest teachers. Most of teachers come to
US without knowing a single person, too shy to ask for help, far away
Regarding the Junior children at this age start to communicate in a
clear stream of consciousness that mean they worry about not being liked
by their peers, they start to do things to get attention etc, we should
let the pupils talk to themselves.Make up rhymes, sing songs, tell
stories, reading aloud, silent reading , building up confidence. Play
with the language let them talk nonsense. Guiding written activivties,
such as fill-in exercises, Dictation. Free writing activities,
·Is there anyone who can actually help guestteachers, not only
physically but also mentally?
High school stages children they have math,science and social studies
are emphasized, at this stage, they start to appreciate and celebrate
cultural individul difference. Talking about your real life expriences
for the kids. Make talk activities , such as give a topic to discuss in
·Are guest teachers appreciated by the people here and also people from
In addtion all aboves, we should concern the learners those who have
different types of intelligence when we build the class, also we need to
know which intelligences you have, so that we can use the great way to
teach to the preferred learning styles and cultural differences in the
classroom. Eight types of intelligence as following:
Linguistic intelligence type are good at telling stories. Teacher can
have onestudent sitting in front of the class and tell stories. Also, he
or she canmake up stories with students.
·Balance of things in your life
I would introduce the exercise called putting things in order to
logical-mathematical intelligence. Students of this group are given an
amount of pictures which illustrate a text. The pictures are put into
disordered so that students need to put them in the right order as they
listen to the text
·Telling story means you need to be okay with being vulnerable. Being a
good listener. Kids practice to do that.
“Spatial smart” students are suitable for playing Pictionary game.
Teacher group students into two teams and show oneteam member a
flashcard. That member then draws the flashcard picture on theboard. The
student who calls first gets a point.
·As a teacher, getting hurt happens.
The student of“body smart” are good at talking with their hands,
therefore we should like to have them play a game called Charades. The
whole class is divided into two teams.Teacher shows a flashcard to both
students from each team and they act it out.The first team to guess the
correct word gets a point.
·Reading and writing contribute a lot to our lives. Our humanity.
Musica lintelligence enjoys songs very well. Playing or singing songs
make them feel happy. We will help them to pick different kinds of
songs, including animal songs, event songs, counting songs, nap time
songs and so on.
·What if kids in China can share their stories? Talking circles.
Students frominterpersonal intelligence enjoy conversation with others.
Circle time is agood way of Group students into a number of 4-8. They
also have a specifictopic like “Which story book do you like best? Which
one do you like least?”
Intrapersonal intelligence students have their own word, and they are
easily to get into abook. Therefore, silent reading is more suitable for
them than otherintelligence groups. Teacher can build an English corner
and ask students tobring their feverous storybooks from home, so there
is a library open freely tothe class.
·Teaching channel. Org
“Nature smart” students are more willing tolearn in a nature environment
like parks, mountain and museum. So teacher canorganize more camping
activities which help students to explore nature bythemselves.
a.watcha video relevant and talk with other teachers
Respect your pupils and be realistic about what they can manage at an
indicidula level , then your expectations will be realistic too.
b.Join teaching channel
By Susan xie
c.Follow them on Twitter
13th of Jan. 2018
·Use multimedia in classrooms. Let’s kids be technology creators.
·Let kids get into the drivers’ seats.
·Knowing the learning target before class help kids know what they are
going to learn and if they can do it.
·That’s why it’s important to set an appropriate learning goal.
·Leaders of our own learning—help let…
·Austin butterfly- five minutes’ video clip
·Teacher can do outside the classroom: have the passion. Passion of
learning. Let kids know we are learners. We are the models of what they
·New ready. Twitter ID.
·Google docs—teacher can comment in the middle.
Read aside – Kelly Something
Understanding by design
Teach what matters most
·Connect with other teachers online.
·Passionate learners: Giving our classrooms back to our students.
·Make books: Add QR code to the books students made by printing out the
QR code and adding it on the books.
·Let students draw and put QR code on; and then put around the school so
kids from other classes can also hear them speaking Chinese.
·Only adapt one or two new things every year to your class.
·Recommended books for teaching
Understanding by design (second time)
Teach what matters most (second time)
·Good Chinese movies:
Please vote for me
·Record their own voice so that they can get used to their voice in a
·How do kids record themselves?
Chirbit: Teacher creates one account; kids don’t need to sign up. They
can all use it with that account. It can generate QR code which can be
print out and put around school.
·A cool way to give homework on Padlet — Generate QR code and let kids
take the code home.
Self-evaluation: Give rubrics to students so that they know what they
are working towards and they can correct their own learning.
·Relationship with students: Share a picture of your life; students will
share more later. If you feel you are pushing too hard, it’s a red flag.
You should be the authentic yourself.
·Two ways you can do to build relationships with your students:
a. Pull yourself out when you teach. See why students act like that or
what’s the motivation.
a. Show and tell “Just show me!”
b. Tap into prior knowledge
c. Give time to talk.
d. Pre-teach vocabulary. (给学员介绍部分关键词，介绍情景。)
e. Use visual aids. (图片、肉体语言，协理学员领悟。)
f. Pause, ask questions, pause, review.